43 Jesus therefore answered and said unto them, Murmur not among yourselves. 44 No man can come to me, except the Father which hath sent me draw him: and I will raise him up at the last day. 45 It is written in the prophets, And they shall be all taught of God. Every man therefore that hath heard, and hath learned of the Father, cometh unto me. 46 Not that any man hath seen the Father, save he which is of God, he hath seen the Father. 47 Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that believeth on me hath everlasting life.
To murmur, in the Bible, carries with it the act of speaking against someone, particularly those who are tasked with leading.
Exodus 16:7 And in the morning, then ye shall see the glory of the LORD; for that he heareth your murmurings against the LORD: and what are we, that ye murmur against us? 8 And Moses said, This shall be, when the LORD shall give you in the evening flesh to eat, and in the morning bread to the full; for that the LORD heareth your murmurings which ye murmur against him: and what are we? your murmurings are not against us, but against the LORD.
In verse 45 Jesus refers to verses in Isaiah (2:3;54:13), Jeremiah (31:33, 34), and Micah (4:2).
Here, the point is clearly made of God’s participation in our ability to believe. No person can believe in Christ unless that person has been drawn to Him by God. So, there is an influence of the Holy Spirit on the human heart that is active in belief, as I mentioned earlier that Calvin so prominently pointed out. However, Calvin and his followers went too far in saying that this meant that God then, by necessity, had purposed this person to go to Hell and that person to go to Heaven because He predestinated it to be so. The Bible doesn’t say that, doesn’t go to that extreme.
First, God wants every person to be saved from eternal suffering and loss.
1Timothy 2:4 Who will have all men to be saved, and to come unto the knowledge of the truth.
God created our souls, our self-identity, our personhood.
Isaiah 57:16 For I will not contend for ever, neither will I be always wroth: for the spirit should fail before me, and the souls which I have made.
We are born in sin, destined to die, in rebellion toward God through our heritage received from Adam.
Romans 5:12 Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned:
A person’s name is written in God’s book.
Exodus 32:32 Yet now, if thou wilt forgive their sin — ; and if not, blot me, I pray thee, out of thy book which thou hast written. 33 And the LORD said unto Moses, Whosoever hath sinned against me, him will I blot out of my book.
Revelation 3:5 He that overcometh, the same shall be clothed in white raiment; and I will not blot out his name out of the book of life, but I will confess his name before my Father, and before his angels.
A child’s name then would be in that book until such time as they rejected God. It is then that they would be lost. It is not God’s desire that any of them should be lost as is revealed by these verses within a talk Christ gave to His disciples centered around children and belief.
Matthew 18:10 Take heed that ye despise not one of these little ones; for I say unto you, That in heaven their angels do always behold the face of my Father which is in heaven…14 Even so it is not the will of your Father which is in heaven, that one of these little ones should perish.
Keep in mind also these Old Testament statements, first where God took an infant, apparently to deliver him from the evil of his family and the disaster that living to adulthood would impose on his eternal soul;
1Kings 14:13 And all Israel shall mourn for him, and bury him: for he only of Jeroboam shall come to the grave, because in him there is found some good thing toward the LORD God of Israel in the house of Jeroboam.
And this admonition to Jonah about having compassion on Assyrian children;
Jonah 4:11 And should not I spare Nineveh, that great city, wherein are more than sixscore thousand persons that cannot discern between their right hand and their left hand; and also much cattle?
Until such time in our lives that we are capable of understanding our wickedness we are not held accountable. It is not a matter of whether or not you accept or understand that you are a sinner against God but whether or not you have the capacity to understand. So, people who are born with severe mental handicaps and children cannot be held accountable. In fact, under the Law an age of accountability was set at twenty. When the Hebrew male reached twenty he gave an offering to the Lord and that is when he went to war and that is the age of accountability for the people in the wilderness who were able to or not allowed to enter the Promised Land. Whether or not that says anything about the age of accountability for salvation you cannot say for sure but, nevertheless, there must be a capability present to understand.
Children are not able to understand.
It is not God’s purpose or desire that anyone should go to Hell and eternal destruction except for Satan and his angels, for whom such destruction was prepared. You go there by your own choice which is hard for a modern person to understand because they want to do whatever they choose and to be rewarded for it even if it is wicked.
Matthew 25:41 Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels:
No one is predestinated to Hell. You are only predestinated, in the Bible, to things that happen to you after you are saved because you believed and were given faith to move forward for God. In Ephesians, chapter 1, you are chosen because of God’s foreknowledge from the foundation of the world to something because you will believe and come to the knowledge of the truth. You were chosen by virtue of your being, “in Him,” upon your new birth. Note that He chose us, “in Him,” to be, “holy and without blame before Him in love,” and it does not say chose us to be saved. Paul is talking to people who are already believers and presumably saved from Hell and eternal destruction. We are also predestinated to the adoption, the redemption of our bodies (Romans 8:23).
Ephesians 1:3 ¶ Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath blessed us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly places in Christ: 4 According as he hath chosen us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before him in love: 5 Having predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will, 6 To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made us accepted in the beloved. 7 In whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of his grace; 8 Wherein he hath abounded toward us in all wisdom and prudence; 9 Having made known unto us the mystery of his will, according to his good pleasure which he hath purposed in himself: 10 That in the dispensation of the fulness of times he might gather together in one all things in Christ, both which are in heaven, and which are on earth; even in him: 11 In whom also we have obtained an inheritance, being predestinated according to the purpose of him who worketh all things after the counsel of his own will: 12 That we should be to the praise of his glory, who first trusted in Christ. 13 In whom ye also trusted, after that ye heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation: in whom also after that ye believed, ye were sealed with that holy Spirit of promise, 14 Which is the earnest of our inheritance until the redemption of the purchased possession, unto the praise of his glory.
As Peter says, we are elect according to God’s foreknowledge.
1Peter 1:2 Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace unto you, and peace, be multiplied.
As Paul says, we, who are saved are predestinated to be conformed to Christ’s image, not to salvation.
Romans 8:29 ¶ For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate to be conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren. 30 Moreover whom he did predestinate, them he also called: and whom he called, them he also justified: and whom he justified, them he also glorified.
Jesus uses the phrase, “everlasting life,” here. This isn’t just a long time. This is forever and ever. This is life without end. This is the promise that awaits the believer.
Romans 6:23 For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.
It is important to understand that if your Bible doesn’t have, “on me,” in verse 47 you should probably look it over for other errors. Many post-Enlightenment, post-German theology, post-Higher Criticism translated Bibles have removed it based on a small number of manuscripts they prefer. It is clear that it is Jesus Christ you must believe in for salvation, regardless of what a modern translator feels is appropriate.
46 Not that any man hath seen the Father, save he which is of God, he hath seen the Father.
We’ve already been told earlier in John that no man hath seen God at any time. Verse 46 explains again that no one has ever seen God the Father, the soul of God, the seat of will and self-identity.
1:18 No man hath seen God at any time; the only begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the Father, he hath declared him.
1Timothy 6:16 Who only hath immortality, dwelling in the light which no man can approach unto; whom no man hath seen, nor can see: to whom be honour and power everlasting. Amen.
1John 4:12 No man hath seen God at any time. If we love one another, God dwelleth in us, and his love is perfected in us.
Jesus said earlier that God the Father is a Spirit, invisible.
John 4:24 God is a Spirit: and they that worship him must worship him in spirit and in truth.
God is composed of three parts, as we are;
1Thessalonians 5:23 And the very God of peace sanctify you wholly; and I pray God your whole spirit and soul and body be preserved blameless unto the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ.
Matthew 28:19 Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost:
2Corinthians 13:14 The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the communion of the Holy Ghost, be with you all. Amen.
1John 5:7 For there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and these three are one.
However, God’s three parts can act independently, while ours cannot. This explains the use of, “us,” in Genesis 1:36; 3:22; & 11:7 . Jesus is the visible image of God, the body of God, if you can grasp it.
Colossians 1:15 Who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature:
Hebrews 1:3 Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high;
So, Jesus will say to Philip that to have seen Him is to have seen the Father. That’s as close as you’re going to get in this flesh, Philip.
John 14:9 Jesus saith unto him, Have I been so long time with you, and yet hast thou not known me, Philip? he that hath seen me hath seen the Father; and how sayest thou then, Shew us the Father?
The Son of God, God in the flesh, and God the Father are one.
John 10:30 I and my Father are one.
So, God is one person with three parts, not three persons.
…And Jesus is the only way to the Father.
John 14:6 Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me.