1 ¶ Then Job answered the LORD, and said, 2 I know that thou canst do every thing, and that no thought can be withholden from thee. 3 Who is he that hideth counsel without knowledge? therefore have I uttered that I understood not; things too wonderful for me, which I knew not. 4 Hear, I beseech thee, and I will speak: I will demand of thee, and declare thou unto me. 5 I have heard of thee by the hearing of the ear: but now mine eye seeth thee. 6 Wherefore I abhor myself, and repent in dust and ashes.
God did not explain the circumstances by which Job had suffered his great losses. He did not relate the events before the throne of the first part of this book directly. Job acknowledges here that there is nothing that God cannot do and no thought that is hid from Him. We are told;
2Corinthians 10:5 Casting down imaginations, and every high thing that exalteth itself against the knowledge of God, and bringing into captivity every thought to the obedience of Christ;
The fact that God knows our thoughts is expressed throughout the Bible. Before the Flood in Genesis 6:5, under the Law in 1Chronicles 28:9, with Jesus, because He is God, in Luke 5:22, and the Scriptures themselves in Hebrews 4:12.
Hebrews 4:12 For the word of God is quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart.
There is no such thing as a human mind-reader and Satan does not know your thoughts. However, astute persons and Satan are great judges of human character or lack thereof and can anticipate how we will respond to temptation because we are so predictable.
Job also acknowledges that he has spoken about things of which he did not understand. We really don’t understand God’s sovereignty or the deeper doctrines of the Bible like the resurrection of the dead. Paul admitted that and that he hoped to know and understand Jesus as Jesus knew and understood him. Keep in mind in the next verses that, “attain unto,” is to wrap your mind around, to comprehend, defined in Psalm 139:6 and Proverbs 1:5, and although apprehend is only used in the next verses one of the early meanings of that word was, to understand or to know, which you can confirm by Dr. Samuel Johnson’s dictionary or the Early Modern English Database cited previously. “To attain unto,” and to, “apprehend,” then have similar or synonymous meanings as evidenced by how they are used in contrast to each other in the following with, “know,” as the foundation for interpreting the passage;
9 ¶ And be found in him, not having mine own righteousness, which is of the law, but that which is through the faith of Christ, the righteousness which is of God by faith: 10 That I may know him, and the power of his resurrection, and the fellowship of his sufferings, being made conformable unto his death; 11 If by any means I might attain unto the resurrection of the dead. 12 Not as though I had already attained, either were already perfect*: but I follow after, if that I may apprehend that for which also I am apprehended of Christ Jesus. 13 Brethren, I count not myself to have apprehended: but this one thing I do, forgetting those things which are behind, and reaching forth unto those things which are before, 14 I press toward the mark for the prize of the high calling of God in Christ Jesus.
Job finishes this passage by declaring that he abhors himself and repents of his self-righteous ignorance in dust and ashes, the statement of any understanding sinner saved by grace. We cannot stand before a holy God except by virtue of our faith and trust in Christ’s resurrection and in His deity. That is the fundamental proposition of Christianity.
The comparison we must make is not between ourselves and another person. We aren’t judged by our relative goodness or evil. We are judged purely by Christ’s righteousness and our faith in and acknowledgement of it, His resurrection, and His deity. Compare yourself to God and you will fall flat on your face.
*Perfect does not always mean to be without sin or taint. It means to be complete, finished, entire, lacking nothing you should know or possess. See 2Chronicles 8:16; Galatians 3:3; James 1:4; and Colossians 4:12.