12 ¶ Hast thou commanded the morning since thy days; and caused the dayspring to know his place; 13 That it might take hold of the ends of the earth, that the wicked might be shaken out of it? 14 It is turned as clay to the seal; and they stand as a garment. 15 And from the wicked their light is withholden, and the high arm shall be broken. 16 Hast thou entered into the springs of the sea? or hast thou walked in the search of the depth? 17 Have the gates of death been opened unto thee? or hast thou seen the doors of the shadow of death? 18 Hast thou perceived the breadth of the earth? declare if thou knowest it all. 19 Where is the way where light dwelleth? and as for darkness, where is the place thereof, 20 That thou shouldest take it to the bound thereof, and that thou shouldest know the paths to the house thereof? 21 Knowest thou it, because thou wast then born? or because the number of thy days is great? 22 Hast thou entered into the treasures of the snow? or hast thou seen the treasures of the hail, 23 Which I have reserved against the time of trouble, against the day of battle and war? 24 By what way is the light parted, which scattereth the east wind upon the earth?
God asks Job if, since he began on the earth, if he has controlled the start of day. Do you, Job, make the sun to rise, in a manner of speaking? The dayspring is a reference to the morning light as it slowly appears. Jesus is likened to that morning light. There are a lot of references to Jesus being light and breaking through the night. These Old and New Testament references indicate that we are living in a type of night and we await the morning provided by Christ when He returns.
Psalm 130:6 My soul waiteth for the Lord more than they that watch for the morning: I say, more than they that watch for the morning.
John 13:30 He then having received the sop went immediately out: and it was night.
Romans 13:12 The night is far spent, the day is at hand: let us therefore cast off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armour of light.
Malachi 4:2 But unto you that fear my name shall the Sun of righteousness arise with healing in his wings; and ye shall go forth, and grow up as calves of the stall.
Luke 1:78 Through the tender mercy of our God; whereby the dayspring from on high hath visited us...
2Peter 1:19 We have also a more sure word of prophecy; whereunto ye do well that ye take heed, as unto a light that shineth in a dark place, until the day dawn, and the day star arise in your hearts...
Revelation 22:16 I Jesus have sent mine angel to testify unto you these things in the churches. I am the root and the offspring of David, and the bright and morning star.
Verse 13 shows that there is a prophetic import to these verses in regard to Christ’s return to judge and rule the nations of the world. God has appointed the dayspring to visit the earth as much as He has appointed the morning to come. It is stamped with His impression as an ancient seal of a potentate was stamped on clay asserting that earthly ruler’s authority and power. The wicked stand as a piece of clothing ready to be shaken out like people would do when they beat a garment to get the dirt out of it. The wicked don’t see the light of the spiritual morning and are not illuminated by it. Their power, their, “high arm,” shall be broken. Notice how the Holy Spirit uses the phrase, “high arm,” as might and power.
Acts 13:17 The God of this people of Israel chose our fathers, and exalted the people when they dwelt as strangers in the land of Egypt, and with an high arm brought he them out of it.
Regarding verse 16, fresh water springs coming up from the bottom of the world’s oceans and seas have been observed at least since the time of the ancient Phoenicians. There are now thought to be massive fresh water aquifers under the world’s oceans in the depths where no man of Job’s time had gone. (40)
In verse 17 God points out how Job has no power over death and in this instance it appears that God is referring to that place where we pass over into death. We have no power over it or, as Solomon says, “there is no discharge in that war.”
Ecclesiastes 8:8 There is no man that hath power over the spirit to retain the spirit; neither hath he power in the day of death: and there is no discharge in that war; neither shall wickedness deliver those that are given to it.
Only Christ had the power to lay down His life and take it up again, being God in the flesh.
John 10:18 No man taketh it from me, but I lay it down of myself. I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again. This commandment have I received of my Father.
God challenges Job in Job’s ignorance of the source of light and darkness. Even today scientists are uncertain if light is a wave or a particle or both and there is still much discussion over its fundamental properties.
God referring to weather events as treasures or coming from a treasury is also found elsewhere.
Psalm 135:7 He causeth the vapours to ascend from the ends of the earth; he maketh lightnings for the rain; he bringeth the wind out of his treasuries.
We know God used hail as a weapon against Egypt in Exodus 9 and again against the Amorites as Joshua and his army defended Gibeon.
Joshua 10:11 And it came to pass, as they fled from before Israel, and were in the going down to Bethhoron, that the LORD cast down great stones from heaven upon them unto Azekah, and they died: they were more which died with hailstones than they whom the children of Israel slew with the sword.
If indeed, Job represents an older tradition than other books of the Bible, as I asserted in the beginning, then God had done that previously, as well.
Finally, in verse 24, we have discussed the synonymous relationship between the words wind and storm in the Bible. There is a direct relationship between the light and heat generated by the sun and weather on earth. This is well-known and needs no citation. The earth absorbs the sun’s heat and releases it into the atmosphere, heating the air above, and causing it to move, that being instrumental in producing wind and even violent weather. While reducing this process to simplistic terms I believe that is the general view of science. The ultimate source of natural light, the paths and the house thereof, are still subjects of study and debate. There are many mysteries regarding light and its effect and God has declared to Job and those listening to Him that they don’t even know just how ignorant they are of all of the mysteries of the universe, God’s universe, not Job’s. Not yours.
(40) Ethan A. Huff, “Freshwater Breakthrough As Huge Aquifers Discovered Beneath Ocean Floor,” Natural News, December 11, 2013, http://www.naturalnews.com/043205_freshwater_aquifers_ocean_floor.html(accessed 1.10.2015).