6 ¶ Although affliction cometh not forth of the dust, neither doth trouble spring out of the ground; 7 Yet man is born unto trouble, as the sparks fly upward. 8 I would seek unto God, and unto God would I commit my cause: 9 Which doeth great things and unsearchable; marvellous things without number: 10 Who giveth rain upon the earth, and sendeth waters upon the fields: 11 To set up on high those that be low; that those which mourn may be exalted to safety. 12 He disappointeth the devices of the crafty, so that their hands cannot perform their enterprise. 13 He taketh the wise in their own craftiness: and the counsel of the froward is carried headlong. 14 They meet with darkness in the daytime, and grope in the noonday as in the night. 15 But he saveth the poor from the sword, from their mouth, and from the hand of the mighty. 16 So the poor hath hope, and iniquity stoppeth her mouth.
Eliphaz continues to say that disaster doesn’t just come for no reason, out of nowhere, as a random accident of things. Man is born to it. This is a great and true statement that, “man is born unto trouble, as the sparks fly upward.” Life can be very difficult at times, even for the person who lives their life trying to please God. But the sinner cannot blame his troubles on the stars or the seasons or things outside of his own sinful nature. Man is born to sin and therefore born to trouble as Matthew Henry pointed out in his commentary on Job.
Then Eliphaz goes on to say that if this had happened to him he would submit to God’s will and accept God’s will. Job should accept God’s judgment on him and stop his whining. Eliphaz points out how great God is and how merciful and good He is. God is gracious.
Romans 11:33 ¶ O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! how unsearchable are his judgments, and his ways past finding out!
God is merciful to all, even to those who oppose Him on earth. Jesus makes this call to His followers in the, “Sermon on the Mount.”
Matthew 5:43 ¶ Ye have heard that it hath been said, Thou shalt love thy neighbour, and hate thine enemy. 44 But I say unto you, Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you; 45 That ye may be the children of your Father which is in heaven: for he maketh his sun to rise on the evil and on the good, and sendeth rain on the just and on the unjust. 46 For if ye love them which love you, what reward have ye? do not even the publicans the same? 47 And if ye salute your brethren only, what do ye more than others? do not even the publicans so? 48 Be ye therefore perfect, even as your Father which is in heaven is perfect.
In the context of verse 11, God has the power and the will to protect those who are in any danger, if it be within His purposes. A Psalmist said;
Psalm 46:1 ¶ « To the chief Musician for the sons of Korah, A Song upon Alamoth. » God is our refuge and strength, a very present help in trouble. 2 Therefore will not we fear, though the earth be removed, and though the mountains be carried into the midst of the sea; 3 Though the waters thereof roar and be troubled, though the mountains shake with the swelling thereof. Selah. 4 There is a river, the streams whereof shall make glad the city of God, the holy place of the tabernacles of the most High. 5 God is in the midst of her; she shall not be moved: God shall help her, and that right early.
6 ¶ The heathen raged, the kingdoms were moved: he uttered his voice, the earth melted. 7 The LORD of hosts is with us; the God of Jacob is our refuge. Selah. 8 Come, behold the works of the LORD, what desolations he hath made in the earth. 9 He maketh wars to cease unto the end of the earth; he breaketh the bow, and cutteth the spear in sunder; he burneth the chariot in the fire. 10 Be still, and know that I am God: I will be exalted among the heathen, I will be exalted in the earth. 11 The LORD of hosts is with us; the God of Jacob is our refuge. Selah.
As Eliphaz in verse 12 points out, God can foil the intentions of the cleverest of men and women who are too clever for their own good;
Psalm 33:10 The LORD bringeth the counsel of the heathen to nought: he maketh the devices of the people of none effect.
Eliphaz’s statement in verse 13 is quoted by Paul in 1Corinthians 3:19. It may have been a well-known saying even when Eliphaz said it.
Paul also wrote for us;
1Corinthians 1:19 For it is written, I will destroy the wisdom of the wise, and will bring to nothing the understanding of the prudent.
Examples would be Ahithophel, Sanballat, and Haman. Look them up.
But God favors the poor among His people.
Psalm 12:5 For the oppression of the poor, for the sighing of the needy, now will I arise, saith the LORD; I will set him in safety from him that puffeth at him.
Those who dominate and exploit God’s poor will be silenced.
Psalm 76:8 Thou didst cause judgment to be heard from heaven; the earth feared, and was still,
9 When God arose to judgment, to save all the meek of the earth. Selah.
What Eliphaz is saying is true. How does it apply to Job?