11 ¶ Wherefore comfort yourselves together, and edify one another, even as also ye do.
12 And we beseech you, brethren, to know them which labour among you, and are over you in the Lord, and admonish you; 13 And to esteem them very highly in love for their work’s sake. And be at peace among yourselves.
Here are given some additional reasons for the church, the body of Christ, meeting together regularly. The members of the church, if they know the Bible, are able to comfort and edify each other, to have their faith affirmed. This is helpful particularly in times of persecution. In a book written specifically and doctrinally for the Jewish church at the beginnings of Christianity and for that same body of people in the Tribulation to come not surprisingly entitled, “Hebrews,” this instruction is given.
Hebrews 10:23 Let us hold fast the profession of our faith without wavering; (for he is faithful that promised;) 24 And let us consider one another to provoke unto love and to good works: 25 Not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together, as the manner of some is; but exhorting one another: and so much the more, as ye see the day approaching.
Also, Paul instructs the Thessalonians to hold the elders who served them in high regard for the efforts they made in comforting and edifying the assemblies. Being over them in the Lord was a matter of responsibility and example not dictatorial rule as is evident in many fundamentalist churches.
1 Peter 5:1 ¶ The elders which are among you I exhort, who am also an elder, and a witness of the sufferings of Christ, and also a partaker of the glory that shall be revealed: 2 Feed the flock of God which is among you, taking the oversight thereof, not by constraint, but willingly; not for filthy lucre, but of a ready mind; 3 Neither as being lords over God’s heritage, but being ensamples to the flock. 4 And when the chief Shepherd shall appear, ye shall receive a crown of glory that fadeth not away.
Paul wanted the little Christian assemblies he started to appreciate those who served the Lord by serving them. This was understood even under the Old Testament view.
Deuteronomy 12:19 Take heed to thyself that thou forsake not the Levite as long as thou livest upon the earth.
As Jesus had told his disciples.
Matthew 10:10 Nor scrip for your journey, neither two coats, neither shoes, nor yet staves: for the workman is worthy of his meat.
Paul reinforces the care the church should make for those who had the responsibility of caring for them.
Galatians 6:6 Let him that is taught in the word communicate unto him that teacheth in all good things.
1Corinthians 9:9 For it is written in the law of Moses, Thou shalt not muzzle the mouth of the ox that treadeth out the corn. Doth God take care for oxen?10 Or saith he it altogether for our sakes? For our sakes, no doubt, this is written: that he that ploweth should plow in hope; and that he that thresheth in hope should be partaker of his hope. 11 If we have sown unto you spiritual things, is it a great thing if we shall reap your carnal things?12 If others be partakers of this power over you, are not we rather? Nevertheless we have not used this power; but suffer all things, lest we should hinder the gospel of Christ.13 Do ye not know that they which minister about holy things live of the things of the temple? and they which wait at the altar are partakers with the altar? 14 Even so hath the Lord ordained that they which preach the gospel should live of the gospel.
1Timothy 5:17 ¶ Let the elders that rule well be counted worthy of double honour, especially they who labour in the word and doctrine. 18 For the scripture saith, Thou shalt not muzzle the ox that treadeth out the corn. And, The labourer is worthy of his reward.
Then, as was presented in Ephesians and in many other places in his writings, Paul tells the Thessalonians to be at peace with each other.
Ephesians 4:3 Endeavouring to keep the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace.
Romans 14:19 Let us therefore follow after the things which make for peace, and things wherewith one may edify another.
This is also reflected in the Old Testament as David said;
Psalm 133:1 « A Song of degrees of David. » Behold, how good and how pleasant it is for brethren to dwell together in unity!
According to historical records the early Christians met before dawn on the first day of the week, which was always a work day, and sang hymns, read scripture, and prayed. They would then hold each other accountable for living a Godly life and go out to work. Many of the early Christians were poor laborers and craftsmen, or even slaves.
Paul has told them to draw comfort from each other and care for the elders who have the responsibility for pastoring and for teaching.